Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 1 mediates recognition of Clostridium difficile and induces neutrophil recruitment and protection against the pathogen

Mizuho Hasegawa, Takashi Yamazaki, Nobuhiko Kamada, Kazuki Tawaratsumida, Yun Gi Kim, Gabriel Núñez, Naohiro Inohara

研究成果: Article査読

139 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Clostridium difficile is a Gram-positive obligate anaerobic pathogen that causes pseudomembranous colitis in antibiotics-treated individuals. However, host immune protective mechanisms against C. difficile are largely unknown. In this study, we show that C. difficile possesses potent stimulatory activity for nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 1 (Nod1), an intracellular pattern recognition molecule that senses bacterial peptidoglycan-related molecules. Nod1-/-, but not Nod2-/-, mice exhibited increased lethality in response to C. difficile intestinal infection despite comparable levels of intestinal damage and epithelial permeability in Nod1-/- and control mice. The enhanced lethality was accompanied by impaired C. difficile clearance, increased bacterial translocation, and elevated levels of endotoxin and IL-1β in the serum of Nod1-/- mice. Histological and flow cytometric analyses revealed that Nod1-/- mice had defective recruitment of neutrophils, but not macrophages, to the intestine after C. difficile infection. The reduced recruitment of neutrophils correlated with impaired production of CXCL1, but not CCL2, XCL1, and other cytokines/ chemokines, in infected Nod1-/- mice. The influx of neutrophils also was reduced when C. difficile was administered i.p., suggesting that Nod1 directly recognizes C. difficile to induce the recruitment of neutrophils to the infected site. These results indicate that Nod1 regulates host susceptibility to C. difficile and suggest that Nod1-mediated neutrophil recruitment is an important immune response against the enteric pathogen.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)4872-4880
ページ数9
ジャーナルJournal of Immunology
186
8
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2011 4月 15
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 免疫アレルギー学
  • 免疫学

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