Numerical analysis of coupled transport and reaction phenomena in an anode-supported flat-tube solid oxide fuel cell

Masayuki Suzuki, Naoki Shikazono, Koji Fukagata, Nobuhide Kasagi

研究成果: Article査読

50 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Heat and mass transfer with electrochemical reaction in an anode-supported flat-tube solid oxide fuel cell (FT-SOFC) is studied by means of three-dimensional numerical simulation. The distributions of the reaction fields in the anode-supported FT-SOFC are found to be similar to those in the planar SOFC with co-flow arrangement. However, in comparison with the latter, the concentration and activation overpotentials of the former can be reduced by additional reactant diffusion through the porous rib of the fuel channel. Parametric survey reveals that, for a fixed activation overpotential model, the output voltage can be improved by increasing the pore size of anode, while the cross-sectional geometry has smaller effect on the cell performance. Based on the results of three-dimensional simulation, we also develop a simplified numerical model of anode-supported FT-SOFC, which takes into account the concentration gradients in the thick anode of complex cross-sectional geometry. The simplified model can sufficiently predict the output voltage as well as the distributions of temperature and current density with very low computational cost. Thus, it can be used as a powerful tool for surveying wide range of anode-supported FT-SOFC design parameters.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)29-40
ページ数12
ジャーナルJournal of Power Sources
180
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2008 5月 15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 再生可能エネルギー、持続可能性、環境
  • エネルギー工学および電力技術
  • 物理化学および理論化学
  • 電子工学および電気工学

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