A two-dimensional (2D) numerical simulation is conducted to clarify the propagation behavior of gaseous detonation in a water spray and its structure. The computational target refers to the experiment conducted by G. Jarsalé et al., and C2H4-air gaseous detonation propagates where the water droplets (WDs) are sprayed. The parameters used are the C2H4-air equivalence ratio and WD mass fraction. The flow field, Favre-averaged one-dimensional profile, and cellular structure are revealed in 2D simulations. Stable propagation of gaseous detonation is observed in the water spray, and the decrease in velocity relative to the Chapman-Jouguet velocity without WDs is as much as 3.2%. Adding WDs changes the cellular pattern, especially for leaner mixtures. The weak triple point decays, and the cell width increases because of the longer induction length due to decreased velocity. The WD presence changes the detonation flow field substantially, and evaporation occurs primarily at 10 mm behind the shock wave. The high-evaporation region propagates at the detonation speed, and the compression wave formed when the detonation reflects from the two-phase medium propagates backward. Furthermore, WD evaporation suppresses the velocity, vorticity, and temperature fluctuations. Rapid evaporation with WDs leads to lower hydrodynamic thickness than that without WDs or in the Zel'dovich-von Neumann-Döring model.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Mechanical Engineering
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry