Spinning detonations propagating in a circular tube were numerically investigated with a two-step reaction model by Korobeinikov et al. The time evolutions of the simulation results were utilized to reveal the propagation behavior of single-headed spinning detonation. Three distinct propagation modes, steady, unstable, and pulsating modes, are observed in a circular tube. The track angles on a wall were numerically reproduced with various initial pressures and diameters, and the simulated track angles of steady and unstable modes showed good agreement with those of the previous reports. In the case of steady mode, transverse detonation always couples with an acoustic wave at the contact surface of burned and unburned gas and maintains stable rotation without changing the detonation front structure. The detonation velocity maintains almost a CJ value. We analyze the effect of acoustic coupling in the radial direction using the acoustic theory and the extent of Mach leg. Acoustic theory states that in the radial direction transverse wave and Mach leg can rotate in the circumferential direction when Mach number of unburned gas behind the incident shock wave in the transverse detonation attached coordinate is larger than 1.841. Unstable mode shows periodical change in the shock front structure and repeats decoupling and coupling with transverse detonation and acoustic wave. Spinning detonation maintains its propagation with periodic generation of sub-transverse detonation (new reaction front at transverse wave). Corresponding to its cycle, whisker is periodically generated, and complex Mach interaction periodically appears at shock front. Its velocity history shows the fluctuation whose behavior agrees well with that of rapid fluctuation mode by Lee et al. In the case of pulsating mode, as acoustic coupling between transverse detonation and acoustic wave is not satisfied, shock structure of spinning detonation is disturbed, which causes failure of spinning detonation.
|ジャーナル||Combustion and Flame|
|出版物ステータス||Published - 2013 11 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Physics and Astronomy(all)