Observing random walks of atoms in buffer gas through resonant light absorption

研究成果: Article

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Using resonant light absorption, random-walk motions of rubidium atoms in nitrogen buffer gas are observed directly. The transmitted light intensity through atomic vapor is measured, and its spectrum is obtained, down to orders of magnitude below the shot-noise level to detect fluctuations caused by atomic motions. To understand the measured spectra, the spectrum for atoms performing random walks in a Gaussian light beam is computed, and its analytical form is obtained. The spectrum has 1/f2 (f is frequency) behavior at higher frequencies, crossing over to a different, but well-defined, behavior at lower frequencies. The properties of this theoretical spectrum agree excellently with the measured spectrum. This understanding also enables us to obtain the diffusion constant, the photon cross section of atoms in buffer gas, and the atomic number density from a single spectral measurement. We further discuss other possible applications of our experimental method and analysis.

元の言語English
記事番号012703
ジャーナルPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
94
発行部数1
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2016 7 18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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