Planetary-scale 4-day Kelvin-type waves at the cloud top of the Venus atmosphere have been reported from the 1980s, and their significance for atmospheric dynamics has been pointed out. However, these waves have not been reproduced in Venus atmospheric general circulation models (VGCMs). Recently, horizontal winds associated with the planetary-scale waves at the cloud top have been obtained from cloud images taken by cameras onboard Venus orbiters, which could enable us to clarify the structure and roles of Kelvin-type waves. In order to examine this possibility, our team carried out an idealized observing system simulation experiment (OSSE) with a data assimilation system which we developed. The wind velocity data provided by a CCSR/NIES (Center for Climate System Research/National Institute for Environmental Studies) VGCM where equatorial Kelvin-type waves were assumed below the cloud bottom was used as idealized observations. Results show that 4-day planetary-scale Kelvin-type waves are successfully reproduced if the wind velocity between 15◦ S and 15◦ N latitudes is assimilated every 6 h at 70 km altitude. It is strongly suggested that the Kelvin-type waves could be reproduced and investigated by the data assimilation with the horizontal wind data derived from Akatsuki ultraviolet images. The present results also contribute to planning future missions for understanding planetary atmospheres.
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