Background: Preservation of gut integrity has become a therapeutic goal to obviate bacterial translocation in the critically ill. The authors examined whether olprinone, a phosphodiesterase III inhibitor, protected functional and structural integrity of gut mucosa against acute progressive hypoxia. Methods: Thirty-two animals were randomly allocated to a control group (n = 12), a low-dose group (0.2 μg · kg-1 · min-1 olprinone; n = 10), or a high-dose group (0.6 μg · kg-1 · min-1 olprinone; n = 10) after preparatory surgery. Ascending aortic and portal blood flow, intramural pH of the ileum, and portal endotoxin levels were measured at normoxia and through three stages of progressive hypoxia (fraction of inspired oxygen = 0.17, 0.13, and 0.10). Results: At normoxia, ascending aortic flow in the high-dose group was approximately 20% higher than in the control and low-dose groups. During progressive hypoxia, both ascending aortic and portal flow in the control group were depressed, whereas olprinone infusion attenuated such alterations and redistributed blood to the splanchnic area in a dose-dependent manner. On the contrary, the reduction of intramural pH of the ileum and the elevation of portal endotoxin levels observed in the control group were significantly minimized in both the low-and high-dose groups to a similar extent during acute hypoxia. Histopathologic alterations of gut mucosa observed in the control group were minimized by olprinone infusion dose-independently, accompanied by reduction of mortality rate of the animals. Conclusions: Olprinone slows progression of intestinal mucosal acidosis and gut barrier dysfunction, concurrently with preservation of microscopic structures, through both flow-dependent and -independent mechanisms under acute hypoxia. Such properties of olprinone may serve to protect the host under insult.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine