The formation of oxygen islands on the Pt(111) surface has been studied as a function of temperature by low energy electron diffraction (LEED) experiments and dynamic Monte Carlo (DMC) simulations. By raising the temperature, the (2×2) LEED spot intensity increases gradually and decays after a peak at around 255 K (T p) with full width of half maximum of 160 K. This behavior is interpreted by DMC simulations with the kinematical LEED analysis. In the DMC simulation, an oxygen atom hops to the neighboring site via the activation barrier of the saddle point. The potential energies at initial, saddle, and final points are changed at each hopping event depending on the surrounding oxygen atoms. By comparing the observed T p with the simulated one, the interaction energy E of oxygen atoms on Pt(111) was determined to be 25±3meV at 2a 0. The DMC simulations visualize how the oxygen islands are formed and collapse on Pt(111) with increase of the temperature and well reproduce the surface configurations observed by scanning tunneling microscopy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas