Objectives Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) are premalignant lesions of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDACs). Fat accumulation in the pancreas is increasingly recognized as a cause of PDAC. We aimed to identify factors that are relevant between IPMN and metabolic-related factors, including pancreatic fat. Methods The database for 781 subjects who underwent a health checkup and upper abdominal magnetic resonance imaging was searched and computed tomography attenuation indexes (pancreatic and spleen attenuation, pancreas-to-spleen attenuation ratio) were decided by measuring the regions of interest in the pancreas and spleen on nonenhanced images, using Hounsfield units. Eighty-five subjects from each of the IPMN and noncyst groups were matched for age, sex, and glycemic status and statistically compared in clinical characteristics. Results There was no difference in metabolic-related factors except for apolipoprotein A1 and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol between the 2 groups in univariate analysis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that both indexes were significantly associated with IPMN (odds ratio, 0.905 [95% confidence intervals, 0.851-0.963; P = 0.002]; odds ratio, 0.006 [95% confidence intervals, 0.000-0.152; P = 0.002]). Conclusions Pancreatic fat content measured by computed tomography was significantly associated with IPMN. These results suggest that IPMN may develop secondary to pancreatic steatosis that could be an overlapping risk factor for PDAC and IPMN.
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