Background: The main causes of liver cirrhosis have changed over the past decade. In Japan, the number of deceased donors is increasing but is still insufficient relative to the number of patients awaiting a liver transplant. In the present study we aimed to assess the outcomes of candidates for liver transplantation. Methods: This was a retrospective study of adult patients who visited our department for consultation regarding liver transplantation from January 2009 to December 2020. Of a total of 601 patients, 336 were followed-up. The following data were collected and analyzed: patient's characteristics, liver etiology, Child-Pugh and MELD scores, and the eventual outcome, that is, whether liver transplantation was performed. Results: Only 153 of 336 (45.5%) patients underwent liver transplantation, of which 42 (27.5%) received deceased donor liver transplantation, and 129 (38.4%) died without transplantation. The proportion of patients who underwent liver transplantation was low among patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) (10.7%) (P <.001). The rate of qualified living donors was the lowest for patients with NASH (28.6%) and that for the other etiologies ranged from 55.6% to 67.4% (P =.050). Conclusion: Patients with liver cirrhosis due to NASH may have a lesser chance of undergoing liver transplantation from both living and deceased donors.
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