[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the degree of collaboration between practitioners and researchers through research papers related to the implementation of electrical stimulation (ES) for stroke patients. [Methods] A systematic review of the literature was conducted to collect data from ES studies published before January 7, 2015. Five databases were searched for search terms related to stroke and ES. Inclusion criteria were original papers that reported on ES of the upper or lower limbs following stroke, after the exclusion of case reports, brain stimulation studies, and papers written in any languages other than English or Japanese. The outcome was the prevalence of research papers that included a practitioner as an author, that included a practitioner as an author or in the acknowledgements, and in which the practitioner was the first author. [Results] Based on the selection criteria, 165 papers were included in the final analysis. The prevalence of papers in which a practitioner was included as an author was 39%. The prevalence of papers in which a practitioner was included as an author or in the acknowledgements was 50%. A practitioner was the first author of 34% of the papers. [Conclusion] Collaboration on research papers related to ES for stroke patients is limited.
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