Peri-Infarct Hot-Zones Have Higher Susceptibility to Optogenetic Functional Activation-Induced Spreading Depolarizations

Kazutaka Sugimoto, David Y. Chung, Maximilian Böhm, Paul Fischer, Tsubasa Takizawa, Sanem Aslihan Aykan, Tao Qin, Takeshi Yanagisawa, Andrea Harriott, Fumiaki Oka, Mohammad A. Yaseen, Sava Sakadžić, Cenk Ayata

研究成果: Article査読

3 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Background and Purpose: Spreading depolarizations (SDs) are recurrent and ostensibly spontaneous depolarization waves that may contribute to infarct progression after stroke. Somatosensory activation of the metastable peri-infarct tissue triggers peri-infarct SDs at a high rate. Methods: We directly measured the functional activation threshold to trigger SDs in peri-infarct hot zones using optogenetic stimulation after distal middle cerebral artery occlusion in Thy1-ChR2-YFP mice. Results: Optogenetic activation of peri-infarct tissue triggered SDs at a strikingly high rate (64%) compared with contralateral homotopic cortex (8%; P=0.004). Laser speckle perfusion imaging identified a residual blood flow of 31±2% of baseline marking the metastable tissue with a propensity to develop SDs. Conclusions: Our data reveal a spatially distinct increase in SD susceptibility in peri-infarct tissue where physiological levels of functional activation are capable of triggering SDs. Given the potentially deleterious effects of peri-infarct SDs, the effect of sensory overstimulation in hyperacute stroke should be examined more carefully.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)2526-2535
ページ数10
ジャーナルStroke
51
8
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2020 8 1
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 臨床神経学
  • 循環器および心血管医学
  • 高度および特殊看護

フィンガープリント

「Peri-Infarct Hot-Zones Have Higher Susceptibility to Optogenetic Functional Activation-Induced Spreading Depolarizations」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル