(1) Half-lives (T 1/2's) of CZOP in 0-day-old (less than 24 hours after birth) neonates and premature infants were longer than those in 1-day-old or older infants. When half-lives were compared between 0-day-old neonates and 0-day-old premature infants, longer half-lives were observed in premature infants. (2) When CZOP was intravenously administered to 1-day-old or older neonates and premature infants at a dose of 20mgAg, no differences were noted in blood concentrations between neonates and premature infants from 30 minutes to 6 hours after administration as well as T 1/2's. (3) Blood concentrations of CZOP administered at doses of 10, 20 and 40mg/kg were dose-dependent. (4) Urine excretion rates of CZOP administered to 1-day-old or older neonates and premature infants were approximately 30 to 60% in the first 6 hours after administration. Urine excretion rates in 0-day-old neonates and premature infants were low. 2. Clinical results (1) Of a total of 136 cases to which CZOP was administered, clinical efficacy evaluation was possible in 96 cases, and safety evaluation in 132 cases. (2) The clinical efficacy rates were 78.6% (22/28) in 28 cases in which causative organisms were detected (Group A), and 97,1% (66/68) in 68 cases in which no such organisms were detected (Group B), with the total efficacy rate (Groups A and B) of as high as 91.7% (88/96). (3) Bacteriological evaluations were made with 33 strains isolated from the 28 cases of Group A. Elimination rates for Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria were 88.2% (15/17) and 92.3% (12/13), respectively, with the total elimination rate of 90.0% (27/30). No microbial substitution was noted. (4) As an adverse reaction, diarrhea was noted in one case (0.8%). Abnormal laboratory test values were noted in 15 cases (12.3%) including eosinophilia, elevated GPT, and elevated 7-GTP. All of these abnormalities were transitory, and none of them critical. As a result of above pharmacokinetic and clinical investigations, CZOP is considered to be highly useful in the treatment of indicated infections in neonates and premature infants. It appears that 20mg/kg of CZOP can be administered by intravenous injection or intravenous drip infusion to neonates and premature infants aged 0-day (less than 24 hours after birth) once or twice daily, to those aged 1 (24 or more hours after birth) to 7 days twice or three times daily, and to those aged 8 or more days three or four times daily, and that the dose can be increased up to 40mgAg in cases of critical or intractable infections.
|ジャーナル||Japanese Journal of Antibiotics|
|出版ステータス||Published - 1996|
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