Introduction: The novel nucleoside analog, 4′-cyano-2′-deoxyguanosine (CdG), possesses inhibitory activity against both the wild-type and resistant hepatitis B virus. Since the dosage of the currently available nucleoside analog preparations needs to be adjusted, depending on renal function, we investigated the effect of renal dysfunction on the pharmacokinetics of CdG in a rat model of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods: CKD model rats were either intravenously or orally administered CdG at a dose of 1 mg/kg. The concentration of CdG in plasma, organs (liver and kidney) and urine samples were determined by means of a UPLC system interfaced with a TOF-MS system. Results: Following intravenous administration, the plasma retention of CdG was prolonged in CKD model rats compared to healthy rats. In addition, the clearance of CdG was well correlated with plasma creatinine levels in CKD model rats. Similar to the results for intravenous administration, the plasma concentration profiles of CdG after oral administration were also found to be much higher in CKD model rats than in healthy rats. However, the results for the organ distribution and urinary excretion of CdG, the profiles of which were similar to that of healthy rats, indicated that CdG did not accumulate to a significant extent in the body. Conclusion: The extent of renal dysfunction has a direct influence on the pharmacokinetics (plasma retention) of CdG without a significant accumulation, indicating that the dosage of CdG will be dependent on the extent of renal function.
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