Phonetic naturalness and unnaturalness in Japanese loanword phonology

研究成果: Article査読

20 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

This paper argues that phonetic naturalness and unnaturalness can interact within a single grammatical system. In Japanese loanword phonology, only voiced geminates, but not voiced singletons, devoice to dissimilate from another voiced obstruent. The neutralizability difference follows from a ranking which Japanese speakers created on perceptual grounds: Ident(voi)Sing » Ident(voi)Gem. On the other hand, the trigger of devoicing-OCP(voi)-has no phonetic underpinning because voicing does not have phonetic characteristics that would naturally lead to confusion-based dissimilation (Ohala, Proceedings of Chicago Linguistic Society: Papers from the parasession on language and behaviour, 1981, in: Jones (ed.) Historical linguistics: Problems and perspectives, 1993). OCP(voi) in Modern Japanese originated as a phonetically natural OCP(prenasal) in Old Japanese because the spread out heavy nasalization would lead to perceptual confusion, but it divorced from its phonetic origin when prenasalization became voicing. The interaction of the three constraints in Modern Japanese suggests that phonetic naturalness (the ranking Ident(voi)Sing » Ident(voi) Gem) and unnaturalness (OCP(voi)) co-reside within a single module.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)317-330
ページ数14
ジャーナルJournal of East Asian Linguistics
17
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2008 12
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 言語および言語学
  • 言語学および言語
  • 科学史および科学哲学

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