This study was designed to delineate the involvement of phospholipase C (PLC) and phospholipase D (PLD) in transmural pressure control of renin synthesis and secretion. Primary cultures of rat juxtaglomerular (JG) cells were applied to a transmural pressure-loading apparatus for 12 hours, and the renin secretion rate (RSR), active renin content (ARC), and total (active + inactive) renin content (TRC) were determined. Under control conditions (n=5), transmural pressure decreased RSR (78.1±3.0 and 64.6±4.4% for 0 or 40 mm Hg, respectively; P<0.05) and ARC (42.8±3.3 and 26.0±3.9 ng of angiotensin I per hour per million cells for 0 or 40 mm Hg, respectively; P<0.05) but did not have a significant effect on TRC (99.5±6.7 and 89.2±4.6 ng of angiotensin I per hour per million cells for 0 or 40 mm Hg, respectively). Treatment with PLC inhibitors, 2-nitro-4-carboxyphenyl-N,N-diphenyl-carbamate (200 μmol/L) and U73122 (10 μmol/L) did not alter RSR but prevented the RSR decrease with transmural pressure, whereas neither 2-nitro-4-carboxyphenyl-N,N-diphenyl-carbamate nor U73122 altered ARC, TRC, or the decrease in ARC with transmural pressure. Experiments were also performed using JG cells (n=5) treated with a PLD inhibitor, 4-(2-aminoethyl)-benzensulfonyl fluoride (AEBSF, 100 μmol/L). Treatment with AEBSF did not influence basal levels of RSR, ARC, and TRC or the RSR decrease with transmural pressure. However, AEBSF did inhibit the decrease in ARC with transmural pressure. These results indicate that transmural pressure inhibits renin secretion via PLC-dependent pathways and prevents conversion of inactive renin to active renin via PLD-dependent mechanisms in JG cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine