Manganese-sulfur cluster anions (MnnSm-, n = 1-10, m = 1-10) have been studied using a magnetic-bottle type photoelectron spectroscopy (PES). The MnnSm- cluster anions were formed in a laser vaporization cluster source. The most stable cluster anions were found to have the compositions of n=m and n=m±1. The electron affinities of neutral manganese sulfide clusters were measured from the onsets of the PES spectra. A new electronically excited state at 0.75 eV above the ground state was found for MnS. From the size dependence of the PES spectra, it was found that Mn2S2-, Mn3S3-, and Mn4S4- are structural frameworks in MnnS2-, MnnS3-, and MnnS4- series, respectively. The electronic properties and geometrical structures of the clusters are discussed.
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