Photovoltaic cells using composite nanoclusters of porphyrins and fullerenes with gold nanoparticles

Taku Hasobe, Hiroshi Imahori, Prashant V. Kamat, Kyu Ahn Tae, Keun Kim Seong, Dongho Kim, Atsushi Fujimoto, Tsutomu Hirakawa, Shunichi Fukuzumi

研究成果: Article査読

459 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Novel organic solar cells have been prepared using quaternary self-organization of porphyrin (donor) and fullerene (acceptor) units by clusterization with gold nanoparticles on nanostructured SnO2 electrodes. First, porphyrin-alkanethiolate monolayer-protected gold nanoparticles (H2PCnMPC: n is the number of methylene groups in the spacer) are prepared (secondary organization) starting from the primary component (porphyrin-alkanethiol). These porphyrin-modified gold nanoparticles form complexes with fullerene molecules (tertiary organization), and they are clusterized in acetonitrile/toluene mixed solvent (quaternary organization). The highly colored composite clusters can then be assembled as three-dimensional arrays onto nanostructured SnO2 films to afford the OTE/SnO 2/(H2PCnMPC+C60)m electrode using an electrophoretic deposition method. The film of the composite clusters with gold nanoparticle exhibits an incident photon-to-photocurrent efficiency (IPCE) as high as 54% and broad photocurrent action spectra (up to 1000 nm). The power conversion efficiency of the OTE/SnO2/(H2PC15MPC+C 60)m composite electrode reaches as high as 1.5%, which is 45 times higher than that of the reference system consisting of the both single components of porphyrin and fullerene.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1216-1228
ページ数13
ジャーナルJournal of the American Chemical Society
127
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2005 2月 2
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 触媒
  • 化学 (全般)
  • 生化学
  • コロイド化学および表面化学

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