Physical, sensory, and cognitive functioning among centenarians: a comparison between the Tokyo and Georgia centenarian studies

Peter Martin, Yasuyuki Gondo, Yasumichi Arai, Yoshiko Ishioka, John L. Woodard, Leonard W. Poon, Nobuyoshi Hirose

研究成果: Article査読

6 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare centenarians in the United States and Japan on sensory, cognitive, and physical functioning and to evaluate a model that tests the interrelationship between physical function, cognition, and sensory impairment in these two unique samples of the oldest old. Methods: The sample of U. S. centenarians included 245 centenarians, the sample of Japanese centenarians included 304 centenarians. Sensory impairment was assessed by general assessments of vision and hearing, and physical function was assessed with six physical activities of daily living (i.e., eating, grooming, dressing, transporting, bathing, and walking). Results: The results suggest that centenarians from the Georgia study showed higher levels of functioning in all domains when compared to the Tokyo sample. A structural equation model yielded stronger associations between cognitive and sensory function with physical function for the Tokyo sample. Conclusions: Functional differences may be due, in part, to different care patterns for the oldest old in the United States when compared to Japan.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)3037-3046
ページ数10
ジャーナルQuality of Life Research
27
11
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2018 11 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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