Effects of extracts from Vicia faba were compared with those of Zea mays for the induction of sister-chromatid exchanges (SCEs) and of chromosome aberrations (CAs) in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. CA induction by the maize extract was also tested in human lymphocytes. The extracts from roots and leaves of Vicia faba induced CAs and SCEs in CHO cells. The extracts from maize leaves also induced SCEs and CAs in CHO cells, and CAs in human lymphocytes. Maize extracts were more potent in inducing SCEs than Vicia extracts and the SCE- and CA-inducing capacity of maize extracts decreased during preincubation before addition to cells.
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