Platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1) (CD31) is an adhesion molecule believed to mediate transendothelial migration of neutrophils and other leukocytes after CD11/CD18-mediated adhesion. Our study evaluated the role of PECAM-1 in neutrophil emigration across the pulmonary capillaries and the bronchial microvasculature using blocking anti-PECAM-1 antibodies in mice and rats. Neutrophil emigration was induced by Escherichia coli, a stimulus eliciting CD11/CD18-dependent emigration, or Streptococcus pneumoniae, a stimulus inducing CD11/CD18-independent emigration. Although anti-PECAM-1 antibodies partially inhibited glycogen-induced neutrophil emigration into the peritoneum, neutrophil emigration across either the pulmonary capillaries or the bronchial microvasculature in response to either E. coli or S. pneumoniae was not prevented when the function of PECAM-1 was inhibited in either mice or rats. There was also no increase in the number of intravascular neutrophils within the bronchial vessels after treatment with anti-PECAM-1 antibody. These studies indicate that either CD11/CD18-dependent or -independent adhesion pathways may lead to PECAM-1-independent transendothelial migration through the pulmonary or the bronchial endothelium.
|ジャーナル||American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2003 1月 15|
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