Population-based waist circumference reference values in Japanese children (0-6 years): Comparisons with Dutch, Swedish and Turkish preschool children

Tomonobu Hasegawa, Mikako Inokuchi, Nobutake Matsuo, John I. Takayama

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Background: During 1978-1981 the Japanese Standards Association conducted a national survey to collect 64 distinct body measurements for Japanese children and adults. During 1978-1981, the prevalence of childhood obesity was relatively low yet the population was well nourished in Japanese children. The aim of this study is to construct waist circumference and waist circumference to stature ratio reference centile curves for Japanese preschool children. Methods: We utilized 1978-1981 national survey data on body sizes. There are 4937 boys and 4758 girls age 0-6 years for waist circumference measurements. Waist circumference was measured at the level of the umbilicus. Using LMS method, centile curves were constructed for waist circumference and waist circumference to stature ratio. These reference values were compared with those of Dutch, Swedish and Turkish children. Results: Centile reference curves were made for clinical and epidemiological use. Japanese children had smaller waist circumference centile values as compared to waist circumference measured at the midpoint of the lowest rib cage and the iliac crest of Dutch, Swedish and Turkish children. However, Japanese children had comparable waist circumference to stature ratio centile values to those of Dutch and Turkish children. Conclusions: This study presents the first age-, sex-, and ethnicity-specific reference values for waist circumference and waist circumference to stature ratio in Japanese preschool children.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)349-356
ページ数8
ジャーナルJournal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism
34
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 3 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 小児科学、周産期医学および子どもの健康
  • 内分泌学、糖尿病および代謝内科学
  • 内分泌学

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