INTRODUCTION:: In our limited resection trial of pulmonary peripheral ground-glass opacity (GGO) lesions from 1998 to 2002, limited resection of Noguchi type A and B carcinomas seemed to have a positive outcome. However, recently three of the 24 patients, with mixed GGO lesions intraoperatively diagnosed as type B, developed a solid lesion at the cut-end scar. METHODS:: Medical records and radiology and pathology findings of the three patients were reviewed. We also analyzed epidermal growth factor receptor gene mutations when possible. RESULTS:: Radiologically, these three second tumors were clearly cut-end scar area recurrences. However, other pathologic and mutation findings suggest metachronous primary cancers developed in Case 1, cut-end recurrence in Case 2, and needle biopsy implantation in Case 3. It is difficult to definitively conclude whether the second tumors were recurrences or metachronous primaries. CONCLUSIONS:: These second tumors have convinced us that our initial caution in concluding GGO lesions can be cured by limited resection was very appropriate. The recurrences definitely indicate that continuing follow-up attention for more than 5 years is needed after limited resection even for GGO bronchioloalveolar carcinomas.
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