Postexposure prophylaxis for influenza in pediatric wards oseltamivir or zanamivir after rapid antigen detection

Masayoshi Shinjoh, Yaoko Takano, Takao Takahashi, Naoki Hasegawa, Satoshi Iwata, Norio Sugaya

研究成果: Article

10 引用 (Scopus)

抜粋

BACKGROUND: Postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) using neuraminidase inhibitors against exposure to influenza virus has been well studied in household settings but not in nosocomial settings in pediatric wards. METHODS: We used oseltamivir or zanamivir as PEP in our pediatric wards. All influenza cases were diagnosed by the influenza rapid diagnostic test. RESULTS: Between 2003 and 2011, there were 20 nosocomial introductions of influenza (10 were A, 9 were B and 1 was undetermined). The index cases consisted of 17 inpatients, 2 parents and 1 medical staff member. The 17 inpatients had been admitted to the hospital for reasons other than infectious disease and they developed influenza after hospitalization. Among the 81 contacts, 28 (35%) were exposed to influenza A, and 52 (64%) were exposed to influenza B. The rate of secondary infection among contacts not given PEP was 29% (5/17), and the rate among contacts given PEP was significantly lower, 3% (2/63; P = 0.004). The 2 infected contacts who had been given PEP were both influenza B cases, and both had received oseltamivir. The contacts who received PEP within 24 hours (59), for influenza A (23) and those who received zanamivir (15) did not develop influenza. No adverse events were reported. CONCLUSIONS: PEP using oseltamivir or zanamivir for unexpected occurrences of nosocomial influenza in pediatric wards is safe and effective. The influenza rapid diagnostic test that we used was helpful for detecting nosocomial influenza in children.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)1119-1123
ページ数5
ジャーナルPediatric Infectious Disease Journal
31
発行部数11
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2012 11 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

フィンガープリント Postexposure prophylaxis for influenza in pediatric wards oseltamivir or zanamivir after rapid antigen detection' の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらはともに一意のフィンガープリントを構成します。

  • これを引用