Postoperative improvement of executive function and adaptive behavior in children with intractable epilepsy

Riyo Ueda, Yoshimi Kaga, Yosuke Kita, Miho Tanaka, Masaki Iwasaki, Eri Takeshita, Yuko Shimizu-Motohashi, Akihiko Ishiyama, Takashi Saito, Eiji Nakagawa, Kenji Sugai, Masayuki Sasaki, Takashi Okada, Masumi Inagaki

研究成果: Article査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Introduction: An alteration in postoperative cognitive function varies according to the patients’ background characteristics, such as etiology, focus, and seizure duration. Accurate prediction and assessment of postoperative cognitive function is difficult in each patient. Adaptive behavior could describe the typical performance of daily activities and represents the ability to translate cognitive potential into real-world skills. We examined the relationship between alterations of executive function (EF) and adaptive behavior in school children undergoing surgery for intractable epilepsy. Methodology: We enrolled 31 children with focal resection or corpus callosotomy for intractable epilepsy [mean age at surgery, 12.5 years; 16 boys; mean intellectual quotient, 73.3]. We surveyed answered questionnaires on attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and adaptive behavior using the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale, 2nd edition (VABS-II), and performed continuous performance tests (CPTs) on children pre- and postoperatively. Result: ADHD and ASD symptoms improved after epilepsy surgery. The omission error (OE) in the CPT variable improved after epilepsy surgery, especially in children with a shorter preoperative period. Improved ASD symptoms led to an increased score of the coping skills subdomain. The reduced OE observed after surgery also increased the score of the community skills subdomain. Conclusion: Improvement in EF and ASD symptoms resulted in better adaptive behavior postoperatively. These results were important for the pre- and postoperative evaluation and re-evaluation of children with epilepsy requiring special education and related services.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)280-287
ページ数8
ジャーナルBrain and Development
43
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 2月
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 小児科学、周産期医学および子どもの健康
  • 発達神経科学
  • 臨床神経学

フィンガープリント

「Postoperative improvement of executive function and adaptive behavior in children with intractable epilepsy」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル