A fully developed turbulent channel flow controlled by traveling wave-like wall deformation under a constant pressure gradient condition is studied numerically and theoretically. First, direct numerical simulation (DNS) at three different friction Reynolds numbers, Reτ=90, 180, and 360, are performed to investigate the modification in turbulence statistics and their scaling. Unlike the previous study assuming a constant flow rate condition, suppression of the quasi-streamwise vortices is not observed in either drag decrease cases or drag increase cases. It is found in the drag reduction case, however, that the periodic component of the Reynolds shear stress (periodic RSS) is largely negative in the viscous sublayer and the buffer layer. For the maximum drag reduction case, the set of control parameters is found to be identical in wall units regardless of the Reynolds number, and the resulting mean velocity profiles are also observed to be approximately similar even with an additional case of Reτ=720. Based on this scaling, we propose a semi-empirical formula for the mean velocity profile modified by the present control. With this formula, about 20%−25% drag reduction effect is predicted even at practically high Reynolds numbers, Reτ∼105−106.
|ジャーナル||International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2020 4月|
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