Background: Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs)/hemangiopericytomas (HPCs) are highly vascularized tumors well known for malignant, invasive, and highly vascular features. To date, several studies have reported the preoperative imaging findings of SFTs/HPCs. In this study, computed tomography (CT) tumor values acquired from dynamic CT scan were selected to determine the tumor pathology of highly vascular tumors, such as SFTs/HPCs. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study on patients with pathologically diagnosed meningiomas and SFTs/HPCs who had undergone a dynamic contrast CT scan. We assessed and compared the CT values of these tumors according to the pathology. Results: From a total of 34 patients, 30 patients with meningiomas and 4 patients with HPCs were included. The mean CT values of SFTs/HPCs and angiomatous meningioma were statistically significantly higher than those of the other meningioma subtypes (P = 0.003). We also performed receiver operating characteristic curve analyses to detect an appropriate cutoff point for the CT value to differentiate tumor pathology, and the calculated threshold was 161 Hounsfield units (HU) (sensitivity, 100%; specificity, 75%; area under the curve, 0.87; 95%, CI 0.75–0.99). Conclusions: This study showed that obtaining a CT value is useful in determining highly vascular tumor pathology preoperatively. When considering neurosurgical extra-axial tumor removal, and when the CT value of tumors is >161 HU, then highly vascular tumors such as SFTs/HPCs or angiomatous meningiomas are likely, and this should be considered prior to surgical intervention and for risk assessment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology