Undifferentiated spindle-cell carcinoma (SpCC) of the gallbladder is extremely rare. There is very little information available regarding the characteristics and treatment of this disease. We herein report the unique case of a 76-year-old female patient with a primary SpCC of the gallbladder that presented as a liver tumor. Preoperative radiologic examinations showed a 5-cm liver tumor around the gallbladder bed, and irregular thickening of the gallbladder wall. The patient underwent en-bloc resection of the gallbladder and segments 4b and 5 of the liver (including the liver tumor). Microscopic findings revealed that both lesions consisted mainly of a sarcomatous spindle-shaped component. Small foci of well-differentiated adenocarcinoma cells were identified in the gallbladder mucosa. There was a gradual transition between the two different components, thereby implying that these two cell types had a common origin. Immunohistochemical studies showed that the spindle-shaped cells were epithelial in nature. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful. However, she died of recurrent liver disease 6 months after the surgery. In conclusion, we surmised that the sarcomatous spindle cells originated from a carcinomatous component in the gallbladder mucosa through dedifferentiation. Further studies are needed to better understand the characteristics of this deadly tumor, and to establish an effective therapy for it.
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