Prognostic Value of Baseline Medications Plus Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio in the Effectiveness of Nivolumab and Pembrolizumab in Patients With Advanced Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: A Retrospective Study

Toshiki Ogiwara, Hitoshi Kawazoe, Saeka Egami, Hironobu Hashimoto, Yoshimasa Saito, Naomi Sakiyama, Yuichiro Ohe, Masakazu Yamaguchi, Tetsuya Furukawa, Azusa Hara, Yui Hiraga, Aya Jibiki, Yuta Yokoyama, Sayo Suzuki, Tomonori Nakamura

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Background: Nivolumab and pembrolizumab are the standard treatments for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). While there are reports on several inflammatory indices and the prognosis of patients with cancer, no study has combined baseline medication with the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) to predict clinical outcomes. This study investigated the efficacy of baseline medications plus NLR to predict the effectiveness of nivolumab and pembrolizumab in a real-world clinical setting. Methods: We conducted a single-center retrospective observational study of consecutive patients with advanced NSCLC who received nivolumab or pembrolizumab as first-line, second-line, or beyond treatment between December 2015 and November 2018 at the National Cancer Center Hospital in Japan. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were estimated using the Kaplan–Meier method. The drug-based prognostic score for baseline medications plus NLR was weighed based on the regression β coefficients. The multivariable Cox proportional hazard model was used to assess the association between the prognostic score-stratified groups and survival outcomes. Results: In total, 259 patients were evaluated in this study. A prognostic score calculated from the baseline medications plus NLR was used to categorize the patients into good (score 0), intermediate (scores 1–2), and poor (scores 3–6) -prognosis groups. The multivariable Cox proportional hazard model revealed a significant association between the poor-prognosis group and reduced OS. The hazard ratio of OS was 1.75 (95% confidence interval: 1.07–2.99; P = 0.031). In contrast, no association between these prognosis groups and PFS was observed. Conclusions: The findings suggest that the baseline medications with nivolumab or pembrolizumab plus NLR could lead to progressively shorter survival outcomes in patients with advanced NSCLC and could be used as a prognostic index for poor outcomes. However, to ascertain the clinical application of these findings, these concomitant medications need further validation in a large-scale multicenter study.

本文言語English
論文番号770268
ジャーナルFrontiers in Oncology
11
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 11 8

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 腫瘍学
  • 癌研究

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