Background: Few data exist on long-term outcome in patients undergoing combined coronary CT angiography (CTA) and myocardial CT perfusion imaging (CTP) as well as invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and single photon emission tomography (SPECT). Methods: At 16 centers, 381 patients were followed for major adverse cardiac events (MACE) for the CORE320 study. All patients underwent coronary CTA, CTP, and SPECT before ICA within 60 days. Prognostic performance according binary results (normal/abnormal) was assessed by 5-year major cardiovascular events (MACE) free survival and area under the receiver-operating-characteristic curve (AUC). Results: Follow up beyond 2-years was available in 323 patients. MACE-free survival rate was greater among patients with normal combined CTA-CTP findings compared to ICA-SPECT: 85 vs. 80% (95% confidence interval [CI] for difference 0.1, 11.3) though event-free survival time was similar (4.54 vs. 4.37 years, 95% CI for difference: -0.03, 0.36). Abnormal results by combined CTA-CTP was associated with 3.83 years event-free survival vs. 3.66 years after abnormal combined ICA-SPECT (95% CI for difference: -0.05, 0.39). Predicting MACE by AUC also was similar: 65 vs. 65 (difference 0.1; 95% CI -4.6, 4.9). When MACE was restricted to cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke, AUC for CTA-CTP was 71 vs. 60 by ICA-SPECT (difference 11.2; 95% CI -1.0, 19.7). Conclusions: Combined CTA-CTP evaluation yields at least equal 5-year prognostic information as combined ICA-SPECT assessment in patients presenting with suspected coronary artery disease. Noninvasive cardiac CT assessment may eliminate the need for diagnostic cardiac catheterization in many patients. Clinical trial registration: NCT00934037.
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