Aim: Little is known about the prognostic value of q wave abnormality for cardiovascular disease (CVD) on a resting electrocardiogram (ECG) of the Japanese general population with an extremely low incidence of myocardial infarction. Methods: We followed 8,339 participants without a past and present history of CVD for 19 years. The multivariate-adjusted hazard ratio (HR) of q wave abnormality for CVD mortality was estimated by the Cox proportional hazards model. Results: The multivariate-adjusted HR of composite findings of moderate or severe q wave abnormality was 1.75 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.97-3.17) for mortality due to CVD and 2.97 (95%CI: 1.43-6.16) due to heart diseases. The multivariate-adjusted HR of mild abnormality for mortality from heart diseases was 1.95 (95%CI: 1.00-3.81). The relationship between moderate or severe abnormalities and mortality from CVD was unchanged when participants with ST-T changes and high amplitude R waves were excluded and when participants were divided by the presence of major CVD risk factors such as hypertension. Q wave abnormality was not associated with the risk of stroke. Conclusion: Moderate or severe q wave abnormalities are prominent and important predictors of mortality due to CVD and heart disease in the Japanese general population without CVD history.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Biochemistry, medical