Introduction: Most metastatic prostate cancers acquire the capacity for androgen-independent growth and become resistant to androgen deprivation therapy. A patient-focused treatment strategy is needed for aggressive castration-resistant prostate cancer. Case presentation: We report the case of a 62-year-old man who presented with prostatic adenocarcinoma who was treated by radiation and combined androgen blockade. After completion of first-line therapy, he was diagnosed with multiple metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer in the lung. Second-line therapy with abiraterone acetate resulted in partial remission of the lung metastases. Thoracic surgery was performed to remove the single lung metastasis remaining. Next-generation sequencing of the specimens demonstrated homozygous loss of BRCA2. We note in this case a heterogeneous response to abiraterone acetate may be related to the somatic BRCA2 deletions. Conclusions: We present the first Japanese case of a metastatic abiraterone acetate-resistant castration-resistant prostate cancer accompanied by BRCA2 mutation.
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