Transcription of the GAL genes encoding the enzymes responsible for galactose metabolism in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is regulated through an interplay of two regulatory proteins, GAL4 and GAL80. GAL4 binds to upstream activating sequences of GAL (UASG) and activates their transcription in yeast growing in the presence of galactose. GAL80 binds to GAL4 and inhibits the activation function of GAL4 in yeast growing without galactose. We have purified GAL80 in its native form as a protein that reacts with an antiserum raised against a synthetic peptide of 18 amino acid residues in the GAL80 sequence. Purification was performed through ammonium sulfate precipitation, streptomycin precipitation, DEAE-cellulose column chromatography, and gel filtration. From 50 g of wet cells, a final sample of 2.3 mg with a purity of more than 80% was obtained. The molecular size of the purified protein in both the native and denatured states was estimated to be approximately 50 kDa, indicating that GAL80 exists as a monomer in yeast cells. The amino-terminal residue of GAL80 was found to be acetylmethionine. The purified protein was shown to bind GAL4. We have also purified mutant GAL80 proteins encoded by two different alleles of gal80 known to be incapable of inhibiting the function of GAL4. These proteins were, in fact, unable to bind GAL4.
|ジャーナル||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|出版ステータス||Published - 1991|
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