Purification and further characterization of enteropeptidase from porcine duodenum

Masashi Matsushima, Masao Ichinose, Naohisa Yahagi, Shinko Tsukada-Kato, Kazumasa Miki, Masao Omata, Yong Tae Kim, Hisashi Ito, Takayuki Takahashi, Yasuko Sakurai, Yuichi Tsuchiya, Senarath B.P. Athauda, Hideshi Inoue, Kenji Takahashi

研究成果: Article査読

10 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Enteropeptidase [EC 3.4.21.9] is a membrane-bound serine endopeptidase present in the duodenum that converts trypsinogen to trypsin. We previously cloned the cDNA of the porcine enzyme and deduced its entire amino acid sequence. In the present study, we purified the porcine enzyme approximately 2200-fold in a 12% yield from a duodenal mucosal extract to apparent homogeneity by an improved procedure comprising four steps of chromatography including benzamidine-Sepharose affinity chromatography. Lectin blotting analysis suggested that the enzyme is glycosylated mainly with N-linked carbohydrate chains of the tri- and/ or tetraantennary complex type. The H and L chains of the enzyme were separated into two major bands upon SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions, suggesting that the enzyme mainly comprises two isoforms, a higher molecular weight form and a lower molecular weight form. The enzyme was also separated by lectin affinity chromatography into two major fractions, named isoforms I and II, which corresponded to the higher and lower molecular weight forms, respectively. These two isoforms appeared to be different only in the carbohydrate moiety, having essentially the same enzymatic properties. The enzyme was optimally active at pH 8.0 toward Gly-Asp-Asp-Asp-Asp-Lys-β-naphthylamide, and was inhibited strongly by various serine proteinase inhibitors. Furthermore, it was also strongly inhibited by E-64 [L-trans-epoxysuccinyl-leucylamide-(4-guanido)-butane], a cysteine proteinase inhibitor. Substrate specificity studies involving various synthetic peptides indicated that acidic residues at the P2, P3, and/or P4 positions are especially favorable for maximal activity, but are not absolutely necessary, at least in the cases of peptide substrates.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)947-951
ページ数5
ジャーナルJournal of biochemistry
125
5
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1999
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生化学
  • 分子生物学

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