Purpose To analyze genitourinary toxicity by followup of the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS) after prostate brachytherapy. Methods and Materials Six hundred eighty patients were treated with iodine-125 brachytherapy for localized prostate cancer. IPSS, OABSS, and two categories of IPSS questions (storage symptom score [IPSS-S] and voiding symptom score [IPSS-V]) were evaluated. Results The median followup was 54 months (range, 24–108). All scales showed rapid increases followed by gradual decreases. The median times to IPSS peak and resolution were 1 and 6 months, respectively. The resolution rates of IPSS, IPSS-S, IPSS-V, and OABSS at the last followup were 84.2%, 86.3%, 89.5%, and 83.0%, respectively. The difference between IPSS baseline and peak was greater for larger preimplant prostate volumes (≥25 mL, p = 0.004). The time to resolution was longer for higher biologic effective dose (BED) (≥210 Gy, p = 0.019 [IPSS]), in those with larger prostate volumes (≥25 mL, p = 0.025 [OABSS]), in younger patients (younger than 70 years, p = 0.043 [IPSS-S]), and in those with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) use (p = 0.049 [IPSS-V]). Urge incontinence, included in the OABSS, was observed more commonly in older patients (75 years and older, p = 0.018), with ADT use (p < 0.001), and for higher BED (≥210 Gy, p = 0.006). Conclusions The IPSS and OABSS showed similar patterns of change. Urinary symptoms improved more rapidly in those with high baseline IPSS levels. The OABSS was useful for following urinary symptoms after prostate brachytherapy. Age, ADT use, preimplant prostate volume, and BED were significantly associated with urinary outcomes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging