Radiation-driven migration: The case of Minamisoma City, Fukushima, Japan, after the Fukushima nuclear accident

Hui Zhang, Wanglin Yan, Akihiro Oba, Wei Zhang

研究成果: Review article査読

32 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The emigration of residents following the Fukushima nuclear accident has resulted in aging and depopulation problems in radiation-contaminated areas. The recovery of affected areas, and even those areas with low radioactive pollution levels, is still heavily affected by this problem. This slow recovery consequently affects immigration patterns. This review aims to present possible factors that have contributed to this dilemma. We first present an overview of the evacuation protocol that was administered in the study area following the Fukushima accident. We then analyze characteristics of the subsequent exodus by comparing population data for both before and after the accident. Based on the findings of existing literature, we identify three causes of emigration: (1) The health risks of living in a low radiation zone are still unknown; (2) The post-disaster psychological disturbance and distrust of government information promotes the emigration of evacuees; (3) an absence of economic vitality and of a leading industry renders the area less attractive to individuals residing outside of the city. Further research is needed on this issue, especially with respect to countermeasures for addressing this problem.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)9286-9305
ページ数20
ジャーナルInternational journal of environmental research and public health
11
9
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2014 9月 9

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 汚染
  • 公衆衛生学、環境および労働衛生
  • 健康、毒物学および変異誘発

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