Although the invasiveness size on computed tomography (CT) is important for the T descriptor, the solid portion size on CT will be larger than the pathologic invasiveness size. We analyzed whether the maximal dimensions of the solid portions on CT correlated with the pathologic invasiveness size (> 0.5 cm) in 378 lung adenocarcinoma patients. A solid portion > 0.8 cm on the lung window setting or > 0.6 cm on the mediastinal window setting predicted for pathologic invasiveness > 0.5 cm. Background: Measuring the size of invasiveness on computed tomography (CT) for the T descriptor size was deemed important in the 8th edition of the TNM lung cancer classification. We aimed to correlate the maximal dimensions of the solid portions using both lung and mediastinal window settings on CT imaging with the pathologic invasiveness (> 0.5 cm) in lung adenocarcinoma patients. Materials and Methods: The study population consisted of 378 patients with a histologic diagnosis of adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS), minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA), invasive adenocarcinoma (IVA)-lepidic, IVA-acinar and/or IVA-papillary, and IVA-micropapillary and/or solid adenocarcinoma. A panel of 15 radiologists was divided into 2 groups (group A, 9 radiologists; and group B, 6 radiologists). The 2 groups independently measured the maximal and perpendicular dimensions of the solid components and entire tumors on the lung and mediastinal window settings. The solid proportion of nodule was calculated by dividing the solid portion size (lung and mediastinal window settings) by the nodule size (lung window setting). The maximal dimensions of the invasive focus were measured on the corresponding pathologic specimens by 2 pathologists. Results: The solid proportion was larger in the following descending order: IVA-micropapillary and/or solid, IVA-acinar and/or papillary, IVA-lepidic, MIA, and AIS. For both groups A and B, a solid portion > 0.8 cm in the lung window setting or > 0.6 cm in the mediastinal window setting on CT was a significant indicator of pathologic invasiveness > 0.5 cm (P <.001; receiver operating characteristic analysis using Youden's index). Conclusion: A solid portion > 0.8 cm on the lung window setting or solid portion > 0.6 cm on the mediastinal window setting on CT predicts for histopathologic invasiveness to differentiate IVA from MIA and AIS.
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