We have investigated the effect of stem cell factor (SCF) alone and in combination with interleukin-3 (IL-3) or interleukin-6 (IL-6) on the proliferation and maintenance of primitive hemopoietic progenitor cells. Results from liquid preculture of either unfractionated bone marrow cells or lineage (Lin)-c-kit+ cells indicates that the combination of SCF + IL-3 results in the greatest expansion of total nucleated cell numbers; however, the combination of SCF + IL-6 results in the greatest expansion of colony- forming cells in culture (CFU-C) and in spleen (CFU-S). Morphologic examination confirmed the increase in immature cells after culture with SCF + IL-6 and, therefore, this combination is deemed superior for the expansion of primitive cells in liquid culture. Reconstitution assays using congenic mice (Ly5) revealed that cultured cells in the presence of SCF + IL-6 contained stem cells that were capable of reconstituting the hemopoiesis in lethally irradiated mice. Although it remains unclear whether SCF + IL-6 directly supports the self-renewal of stem cells, SCF + IL-6 is a powerful tool for manipulating primitive hemopoietic cells in vitro.
|出版ステータス||Published - 1993 12 1|
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