The self-assembly of surfactant molecules can spontaneously result in a variety of micelle morphologies, such as spherical micelles, threadlike micelles, and vesicles, and it is therefore crucial to predict and control the self-assembly to achieve a helpful process in the fields of materials chemistry and engineering. A dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) method used in a coarse-grained molecular simulation is applied to simulate various self-assembling soft matter systems because it can handle greater length and time scales than a typical molecular dynamics simulation (MD). It should be noted that the thorough sampling of a system is not assured at low temperatures because of large complex systems with coarse-grained representations. In this article, we demonstrate that the replica exchange method (REM) is very effective for even a DPD in which the energy barrier is comparatively lower than that of a MD. A replica exchange on DPD (REDPD) simulation for threadlike micellar aqueous solutions was conducted, and the values of the potential energy and the mean aggregation number were compared. As a result, the correct values and a self-assembled structure within a low-temperature range can only be obtained through the REDPD.
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