The results of surgery in 160 cases of AN are reported. Surgery was carried out by the extended middle cranial fossa (EMCF) approach in 138 cases and by the middle cranial fossa (MCF) approach in 22 cases. The tumor extended an average of 28.9 mm into the posterior cranial fossa; 42% of the tumors extended 31 mm or more. Mortality was 1.9% Of the 3 cases of death, two had large tumors of 45 mm and 52 mm each, and one was a case of recurrence. Total tumor removal was achieved in an average of 78.8% of the cases. When the cases were classified by date of operation, the total tumor removal rate in the 60 most recent cases was 93.3% The rate of facial nerve preservation was 82.4% on average and 93% in the recent cases. Hypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis was performed in 33% of the cases in which facial nerve function failed to recover for an extended period of time. Among recent cases, however, anastomosis has been carried out in 22% of the cases. Hearing was preserved in 20 cases. Useful hearing was preserved in 8 (38% of 22 cases. Recurrence was confirmed through surgery in 3 cases. Recurrence was suspected but was unconfirmed in 3 cases.
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