Rethinking the public sector: Idiosyncrasies of biotechnology commercialization as motors of national R&D reform in Germany and Japan

Mark Lehrer, Kazuhiro Asakawa

研究成果: Article査読

45 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Recent policies to promote biotechnology are motors of broader R&D reform in Germany and Japan. The idiosyncrasies of biotechnology commercialization could not be readily accommodated by these countries' traditional technology policies, thus prompting reforms in institutions governing the commercialization of basic scientific research. These reforms provide a novel perspective on the nature of innovation in biotechnology; while previous research has underlined factors such as the national science base, industry-university links, entrepreneurship and venture capital, the German and Japanese cases highlight the importance of other mediating variables such as the level of public governance within national research institutions, the autonomy of the university/research sector, and the historical role of the public sector generally.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)921-938
ページ数18
ジャーナルResearch Policy
33
6-7
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2004 9月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 戦略と経営
  • 経営科学およびオペレーションズ リサーチ
  • 技術マネージメントおよび技術革新管理

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