A clinical study of an MDR1 gene therapy protocol targeting metastatic breast cancer has been conducted in which the patients received high-dose chemotherapy, a transplant of MDR1-transduced autologous CD34+ cells, and docetaxel. We herein report the molecular results of a 6-year follow-up of an individual in this study (patient 1). HaMDR-transduced cells, which had been initially detected in the peripheral blood of this individual, were found to have gradually decreased. After 10 cycles of docetaxel (days 71-316), MDR1 transgene levels were found to have increased, and then decreased to undetectable levels by day 1461. Thirty-eight MDR1-transduced clones were identified in patient 1, of which 11 showed a retroviral integration in close proximity to genes listed in the Retrovirus Tagged Cancer Gene Database (RTCGD). Four short-life clones in this group were found to harbor retroviral integrations close to the ZFHX1B, NOTCH1, BMI1, or HHEX gene; these genes have been frequently reported in the RTCGD. In addition, a long-lived RTCGD-hit clone, L-34, had a retroviral integration at a position 179 kb upstream of the EVI1 gene. L-34 was detectable on days 327-1154, but became undetectable 3 years after the docetaxel treatments had ceased. An additional three docetaxel-induced long-life clones showed comparable polymerase chain reaction profiles, which were also similar to that of the total MDR1-transduced cells. Our results thus show that docetaxel may have been effective in promoting the expansion of several MDR1-transduced clones in patient 1, but that they persist in the peripheral blood for only a few years.
ASJC Scopus subject areas