Quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)with multislice, multi-echo, and multi-delay acquisition enables simultaneous quantification of R1 and R2 relaxation rates, proton density, and the B1 field in a single acquisition, and requires only about 6 minutes for full-head coverage. Using dedicated SyMRI software, radiologists can generate any contrast-weighted image by manipulating the acquisition parameters, including repetition time, echo time, and inversion time. Moreover, automatic brain tissue segmentation, volumetry, and myelin measurement can also be performed. Using the SyMRI approach, a shorter scan time, an objective examination, and personalized MR imaging parameters can be obtained in daily clinical pediatric imaging. Here we summarize and review the use of SyMRI in imaging of the pediatric brain, including the basic principles of MR quantification along with its features, clinical applications, and limitations.
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