The stereocourse and the selectivity of the hydrolysis of alicyclic mono- and dinitriles and amides mediated by Rhodococcus rhodochrous IFO · 15564 has been examined. The stereochemistry of the substrates, as well as the nature of substituents and presence of double bonds in alicyclic rings greatly affected the rate of hydrolysis by nitrile hydratase and amidase. The rate difference between enantiomers or enantiotopic groups, in some cases, enabled kinetic resolution or asymmetrization. The highest enantioselectivity of amidase was observed in the hydrolysis of 5-benzoyloxy-3-cyclohexene-1- carboxamide (E>200), and both enantiomers of methyl 5-hydroxy-3-cyclohexene- 1-carboxylate thus became readily available.
ASJC Scopus subject areas