Risk communication through community-based society organizations as local response to disaster in Bandung, Indonesia

Farah Mulyasari, Rajib Shaw

研究成果: Chapter

5 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

This chapter illustrates local responses to disaster and highlights the potential role of three community-based society organizations (CBSOs) - women's groups, youth groups, and religious groups - as risk communicators in Bandung, Indonesia. A framework is modeled for CBSOs' risk communication process in bridging the gap between the local government and the community. A set of indicators in social, economic, and institutional resilience activities (SIERA), with a scope of 45 disaster risk reduction (DRR) activities covering three different disaster periods was developed to characterize the process of the delivery of risk information by these CBSOs through their activities at subdistrict and ward levels. The data were collected through a questionnaire survey method using the SIERA approach. Each CBSO leader in a ward was surveyed about their perceptions of these 45 ongoing SIERA activities and their risk information source and dissemination process. Statistical analysis was applied to determine the relationship between variables such as periods of disaster and types of SIERA activities and its attributing factors (location, population, and dynamic of organizations in their locale) in finding variations of risk communication activity that may function for communities. Five risk communication processes of the CBSOs are identified; when their perceptions and ongoing activities are compared, activities such as dissemination of disaster risk information, conveying early warnings to their peers, and involvement of the local government have been carried out by these CBSOs. This indicates that CBSOs' activities already have a certain degree of risk communication embedded in the communities. The results confirm that these CBSOs, through their social networks, can become active agents of change and bridge the communication gap between government and community. Thus, CBSOs' risk communication provides the opportunity to contribute to the overall resilience-building and disaster risk reduction as part of people-centered actions and local responses to disasters.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルRisks and Conflicts
ホスト出版物のサブタイトルLocal Responses to Natural Disasters
出版社Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.
ページ231-250
ページ数20
ISBN(印刷版)9781781908204
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2013
外部発表はい

出版物シリーズ

名前Community, Environment and Disaster Risk Management
14
ISSN(印刷版)2040-7262
ISSN(電子版)2040-7270

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 環境科学(その他)
  • 安全性、リスク、信頼性、品質管理
  • 管理、モニタリング、政策と法律

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