Background/Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for bile leakage in hepatic resections without biliary reconstructions using the large Japanese national clinical database (NCD). Methods: A total of 10 102 patients who had undergone hepatic resection involving more than one segment without biliary reconstructions for hepatocellular carcinoma during 2015-2017 were enrolled. Risk factors for bile leakage, with special reference to the type of hepatic resection, were identified by multivariable logistic regression analysis. Results: Bile leakage occurred in 726 patients (7.2%). Risk factors for bile leakage were as follows: male sex (odds ratio [OR] 1.28, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.04-1.58), diabetes mellitus (+) (OR 1.19, 95% CI 1.01-1.39), hemoglobin <10 g/dL (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.02-1.93), albumin <3.5 g/dL (OR 1.3, 95% CI 1.03-1.63), central bisectionectomy (OR 3.8, 95% CI 2.81-5.13), left trisectionectomy (OR 3.6, 95% CI 2.10-6.15), right anterior sectionectomy (OR 2.07, 95% CI 1.58-2.72), and S5 or S8 segmentectomy (OR 1.33, 95% CI 1.00-1.77). Conclusion: Central bisectionectomy, left trisectionectomy, and right anterior sectionectomy are high-risk types of hepatic resection for bile leakage.
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