Background. European clinical trials of gastrectomy have shown that pancreas-related complications are the major cause of mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors for pancreas-related abscess after gastrectomy and to evaluate the effects of the abscess on postoperative mortality. Methods. Between 1992 and 1999, 663 consecutive patients with gastric carcinoma underwent total gastrectomy. Data from these patients were analyzed, to identify the predictors of pancreas-related abscess caused by pancreatic juice leakage, by a multiple logistic regression model. Results. On multivariate analysis, increasing age (P = 0.018) and body mass index (P = 0.006) were independent preoperative risk factors. Dissection along the distal splenic artery was an intraoperative risk factor. The hazard ratios were increased 9.13-fold (P = 0.000) with a pancreas-preserving operation and 16.72-fold (P = 0.000) by distal pancreatectomy. Patients with the abscess had a higher postoperative mortality rate (P = 0.008), and a higher re-operation rate (P < 0.001) than patients without the abscess. Conclusion. Pancreas-related abscess is more likely to occur in older, obese patients undergoing node dissection along the distal splenic artery. Abscess formation is associated with a higher mortality and re-operation rate. Spleen preservation should be evaluated in Japan.
ASJC Scopus subject areas