BACKGROUND: Simulated craniomaxillofacial surgery is critical for planning the procedure, shortening operative time, and practicing the procedure. However, typical models are expensive, given their solid materials, and the surgical sensations do not accurately reflect the procedure performed using human bone. To solve these problems, a new solid salt model has been developed.
METHOD: Stereolithography data was generated using computed tomography data, and a salt model was created using a 3D inkjet printer. By extracting specific data for elements such as the teeth and mandibular canal, these elements were highlighted in the solid model using different colored material. Also, we compared the maximum load and plastic deformation of the salt model, a stereolithographic resin model, and a pig limb.
RESULT: The salt model had similar tenacity to bone, and the risk of damage to the teeth and inferior alveolar nerve was easily confirmed.
CONCLUSION: The material cost of the salt model is extremely low, and the salt model may provide a more accurate sensation of cutting human bone. Thus, this model is useful for both simulated operation and practice for inexperienced surgeons.
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