SARM1 depletion rescues NMNAT1-dependent photoreceptor cell death and retinal degeneration

Yo Sasaki, Hiroki Kakita, Shunsuke Kubota, Abdoulaye Sene, Tae Jun Lee, Norimitsu Ban, Zhenyu Dong, Joseph B. Lin, Sanford L. Boye, Aaron Di Antonio, Shannon E. Boye, Rajendra S. Apte, Jeffrey Milbrandt

研究成果: Article査読

7 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Leber congenital amaurosis type nine is an autosomal recessive retinopathy caused by mutations of the NAD+ synthesis enzyme NMNAT1. Despite the ubiquitous expression of NMNAT1, patients do not manifest pathologies other than retinal degeneration. Here we demonstrate that widespread NMNAT1 depletion in adult mice mirrors the human pathology, with selective loss of photoreceptors highlighting the exquisite vulnerability of these cells to NMNAT1 loss. Conditional deletion demonstrates that NMNAT1 is required within the photoreceptor. Mechanistically, loss of NMNAT1 activates the NADase SARM1, the central executioner of axon degeneration, to trigger photoreceptor death and vision loss. Hence, the essential function of NMNAT1 in photoreceptors is to inhibit SARM1, highlighting an unexpected shared mechanism between axonal degeneration and photoreceptor neurodegeneration. These results define a novel SARM1-dependent photoreceptor cell death pathway and identifies SARM1 as a therapeutic candidate for retinopathies.

本文言語English
論文番号e62027
ページ(範囲)1-19
ページ数19
ジャーナルeLife
9
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2020 10
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 神経科学(全般)
  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)
  • 免疫学および微生物学(全般)

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