We developed latex particles with a diameter of about 0.22 μm on which single-stranded (ss) DNA was covalently coupled to select or enrich its complementary DNA or mRNA. DNA was first covalently coupled to the latex particles in the double-stranded (ds) form with both blunt and protruding ends. More than 80% of the dsDNA was coupled through the ssDNA stretch at its protruding end. The presence of NaCl in the immobilization reaction severely inhibited DNA from coupling to the particles. The particles were then treated with alkali or heated to denature the dsDNA and sedimented by a brief centrifugation to yield ssDNA immobilized particles. They allowed the selective and efficient isolation of a desired RNA from total cellular RNA.
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